To have a wide repertoire of solos and fills, you need to learn different drum rudiments. In this article, you will know about the different types of drum rudiments such as drag rudiments, flam rudiments, diddle or para-diddle rudiments and roll rudiments. You will also know their basic character and how to play them. So let’s keep the drum rolling!
The drag rudiments are basic drum patterns you need to learn. They support other rudiments because of their beat. You can play them around the kit not just on the snare. Drag is an accentuated stroke preceded by a double stroke. They are different from diddle simply because of how they time the notes. With diddle, you are playing the notes as fast as the accent (“L RR L, R LL R”). However, on the drag, you are striking two notes using the same hand (RR) or (LL) twice the speed of the other. Drag rudiments help you develop good timing, especially in double strokes. You don’t want a buzz though, but crisp double notes. To do this, strike the first note using your wrist and the next using your fingers. Do this while your other hand beat a steady quarter-time signature. There are different kinds of drag rudiments like The drag, Single/double drag tap, and the drag-a-diddle.
The Flam rudiments are useful during the war as signals for soldiers. Now, they are famous among military and marching bands because of great rolls and solos. There are four types of flam rudiments: Inverted flam tap, flam para-diddle-diddle, flam drag, and the Swiss army triplet. They consist of two taps played closely with each other, forming a long note. The left-hand plays the “grace” note while the right hand accentuates it with a louder note.
The diddle or para-diddle rudiments are single para-diddle, double para-diddle, triple para-diddle, and the para-diddle-diddle. It is known for a quick succession of alternating beats coming from the left-hand and right-hand strokes followed by a double stroke just like this: R-L-R-R L-R-L-L-R. It is much slower than the roll. You can para-diddle by alternating between your cymbals and your snares. This is a good way to come up with great combos and tricks.
Roll rudiments are continuous, sustained sounds much like what you hear in a motorcycle’s engine. There are different types of roll rudiments such as the single stroke rudiments, multiple bounce, double stroke open, the five-stroke, the six-stroke roll, the seven stroke roll, nine stroke roll, ten stroke roll, eleven stroke roll, thirteen stroke roll, fifteen stroke roll and the seventeen stroke roll. Most marching bands use these Drum Rudiments.
It takes a lot of control to play these rudiments. For example, the flam requires two quick strokes, not a buzz. For a great para-diddle, you need proper timing in-between the notes. Roll rudiments will make your wrist sore but flexible in the long run. Just like in any other hobby or activity, these exercises have one goal in mind: to get you in tip-top shape by observing proper playing form.
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