Exploring Drums and Scrapers
Make sounds by touching containers and tearing surfaces.
Use the same materials you used for the Strike and Tear Learning Center.
- A selection of empty containers with lids made of different plastics and metals (containers and lids with protuberances on the sides make interesting sounds)
- Cardboard boxes and shipping tubes
- Sticks for crafts, rulers or pencils without tips with erasers to touch or tear.
Key Science Concepts
- Different objects make different sounds.
- An action is necessary for a sound to be produced.
- A sound becomes louder when the force of the action that is creating the sound increases. A sound becomes softer, or quieter when the force decreases.
The vocabulary of Exploring Drum Beats
Introduce, use and reinforce key terms such as cardboard, plastic, metal and descriptive words such as soft or uneven. It also includes words of actions such as touching, beating, drumming and ripping and words from scientific processes such as compare, change and observe.
- Invite the children to talk about the activity and demonstrate some of the discoveries they made while exploring at the Hit and Tear Learning Center. Exploring Drum Beats Children may want to imitate some sounds with their voices.
- Let each child choose a pair of objects and make as many sounds as he can. As children explore and listen, encourage them to investigate further by commenting occasionally and/or posing questions.
- Show us some of the ways you use to make sounds with your container.
- How can you make a sound louder than that? And how do you make a softer sound?
- Wow! Listen to that rattle sound that Megan made. How can you make your objects ring? Does it sound the same as Megan’s or different? How? Why do you think that is the case?
- It seems to me that when Juan put his instrument on the table and played it, it sounded different from when he held it in the air and played it. Let’s listen. Do you think the same thing can happen with your container? How do you think your container will sound?
- What is your container made of? Do you think that a container of (cardboard, metal, plastic) affects the sound? Can you compare your container (cardboard, metal, plastic) with another made of the same material?
Exploring Drum Beats Extension Ideas
You may want to model a pattern of beats-for example: long- short-short; long-short-short – and invite the children to copy it with their containers.
Have the children take turns demonstrating the sounds they can make while the group is listening. Encourage them to talk about which objects make familiar sounds and which make different sounds. Why do they think that’s the way it is? (For example, are they made of similar materials? Do they have surfaces with the same textures? Is it because of their shape? Is it because of the way they make sounds?)